Basem Zaher Botros, Mohamed Rashed
Faculty of Specific Education – Aswan University, Egypt
The Arabic song is rich in its components, distributions, and creativity of its authors and distributors across different times. It is interesting to note that during its transformation and prosperity in the middle of the twentieth century, music distributors used the piano in introductions, interludes, and sometimes accompanying the band in an attempt to modernize the form of Arabic songs. This was done through cinematic and dramatic songs. The piano was inspiring in providing dramatic scenes in both cinema and drama. And here was an attempt to combine the piano, which is an instrument alien to the Arab family of instruments. This was in the direction of launching a modernization of Arabic music while preserving its authenticity.
This development continued in all parts of the Arab countries, especially in Egypt, Lebanon and Syria, and the piano became a guest of Arab music and a major contributor to its development.
Therefore, the two researchers searched for Arab musical works that used the piano during the second half of the twentieth century to the present day, and searched for a group of Arab musical works that contained introductions and musical clips for the piano. This was, for example, but not limited to, a number of composers, most notably Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab, Farid al-Atrash, Munir Murad, and the Rahbani brothers. The two researchers wrote down the works covered in the research in order to make use of these passages in teaching the piano and Arabic music curricula.
The research aimed to employ some piano introductions and passages with Arab musical works to enrich the methods of playing and performing the piano and Arabic instruments. In addition, making use of the introductions and breaks of the piano with Arabic songs in the curricula of analysis of Arab music and world music. The two researchers used the descriptive approach (contente analysis). This research included both the theoretical and the practical sides, which included a recording of the works that were dealt and prepared for the use of the piano and Arabic music curricula.
The results were answered by the research questions. Then the researchers concluded the research with recommendations, suggestions, references and a research summary.
Basem Zaher Botros Beshai (1973) , Egyptian, is PhD. and supervisor of piano department, Faculty of Specific Education, Aswan University. Qualification: Assistant Professor and PhD in piano.
Mohamed Abd Elhamid Rashid (1973) , Egyptian, is Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Specific Education for Environmental Affairs and Head of Music Education Department, Faculty of Specific Education, Aswan University. Qualification: Assistant Professor and PhD in Arabic Music 2.